Recognize the Difference: Spots or Acne?
Spots are a normal part of growing up and even affect some adults. The NHS estimates that 80% of people between 11 and 30 years old suffer from acne, most commonly affecting teenagers during puberty.
However, it can be difficult to know the difference between a normal breakout of spots, and acne. In general terms, acne tends to be recurring, and appears in areas such as the face, chest and back. Acne can be different for everyone, and as long as it is mild and not causing you pain or anxiety, then it is nothing to worry about!
Acne can be a side effect of puberty. The increase in sex hormones results in a greater production of sebum by the sebaceous glands, which makes the skin oily. Your body naturally produces sebum to prevent dryness of the skin and hair. If you have naturally oily skin already, this could put you at risk of more severe acne. The higher levels of sebum trigger a bacterium called P. acnes, which inflame the skin, causing the appearance of spots. The hair follicles are also blocked by sebum, trapping the oil and dead cells in the skin.
If you suffer from acne outside of puberty, this could be due to other factors such as genes. Moreover, if you go through hormonal changes at other points in your life, such as during pregnancy, it is not unusual to develop acne.
The NHS identifies six types of spots that occur when you have acne. These spots are caused by sebum putting pressure on the already blocked hair follicles, pushing the sebum out of the skin. If the hair follicle is nearer the surface of the skin, the pressure of the sebum produces a whitehead. Whiteheads are firmer than average spots and are hard to get rid of. The blocked hair follicle also causes blackheads, which are black or yellow. Blackheads and whiteheads are also known as comedones, though are mild in comparison to other spots.
One significant difference between average spots and acne is that the latter can be very sore and painful. Papules are perhaps the most common visual sign of acne, taking the form of little red bumps. These can turn into pustules, which look similar but have a white top, filled with pus. Pustules are what typical spots look like, so if you have a few of these at one time don’t worry!
The last two types of spots are signs of more severe acne. Modules are more prominent and harder lumps that form under the surface of the skin. They do not have a head, and as a result of this, the bacteria remains trapped underneath the skin. Another serious type of spot is a cyst. Cysts are large lumps that are full of pus and can be incredibly painful. If you notice that you have cysts, do not try and pop them. Not only could this hurt a lot, but you could be at risk of scarring. If you notice these last two types of spots, then it is advisable that you go and see a doctor to learn how to treat them without harming yourself.
In most cases, acne improves when you get older, though this may take several years. There are various creams and medications that can help to ease symptoms, and improve your self-esteem.
Most importantly, if you are self-conscious about your spots and suspect you may be suffering from acne, seek medical advice as soon as possible. Don’t let spots get you down!
If you are looking for treatments for painful spots, try our LED Acne Therapy. This treatment involves applying an LED Mask to your face, which releases Blue LED light. We use this type of light because it releases singlet oxygen, which is perfect for fighting bacteria that produces acne! As a result of this, the treatment reduces spots and redness, leaving your skin feeling healthier and hydrated!